Medicinal Herbs

Apium graveolens

Ajmod (Apium Graveolens)

Latin Name Apium graveolens, Apium leptophyllum
Sanskrit Name Ajmodaa, Ajmoda, Ajmodikaa, Dipyaka
English Name Celery
Common Name Karafs, Celery-keerai, Ajmodaa
Ayurvedic Properties and Action:
Rasa Katu, Tikta
Guna Laghu, Ruksa, Tiksna
Virya Katu
Vipaka Usna
Karma Dipana, Vatakaphaghna, Sulahara, Anulomana, Krimighna, Vedanasamaka
 

Phytochemistry: 

Celery yields an essential oil (3%), major constituent being d-limonene (5-%) and phathalides and beta-selinene; coumarins, furanocoumarins (bergapten); flavonoids (apiin and apigenin).

Per 100g, the plant contains 253 calories, 7.2g water, 20g protein, 4.4g fat, 55.8g carbohydrate, 11.9g fibre, 12.6g ash, 1784mg calcium, 543mg phosphorus, 48.8mg iron, 451mg magnesium, 208mg sodium, 3,308mg potassium, 3.3mg zinc, 0.42mg thiamine, 0.28mg riboflavin, 2.8mg niacin and 1.5mg vitamin B6.

Per 100g, the seed contains 305 calories, 7.7g water, 14.5g fat (0.73g saturated, 124mg phytosterol and no cholesterol), 55.2g carbohydrate, 21g fibre, 6.7g ash, 1,516mg calcium, 277mg phosphorus, 16.3mg iron, 256mg magnesium, 20mg sodium, 1,186mg potassium, 5.2mg zinc, 53IU vitamin A, 0.42mg thiamine and 0.28mg riboflavin.
Pharmacological Actions: 

It is anti-inflammatory (used in inflammation of the urinary tract), carminative, nervine, sedative, antiemetic, tranquilizer, anticonvulsant, antifungal and antispasmodic.
Medicinal Use: 

It reduces blood pressure, relieves indigestion, stimulates the uterus and is anti-inflammatory.

An essential oil obtained from the plant has a calming effect on the central nervous system. Some of its constituents have antispasmodic, sedative and anticonvulsant actions.

It has been shown to be of value in treating high blood pressure.
Clinical / experimental study: 

Alkaloid fraction of seeds showed tranquilizing activity in animals. The phthalides are sedative in mice and exhibit antiepileptic activity in rats and mice.

Essential oil showed inhibitery activity against P.solanocearum, S. aureus, B. substilis, P. multicida, S. typhy, E. coli, Shigella dysentery and V. choleriae

The essential oil responded excellently against C. albicans and also against most of the pathogens

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