Plihari (Tephrosia purpurea)

Tephrosia_purpurea_(Wild_Indigo)_in_Narshapur,_AP_W_IMG_0765

Plihari (Tephrosia purpurea)

Latin Name Tephrosia Purpurea, Galega Purpurea
Sanskrit Name Sarapunkha, Plihasatru
English Name Purple Tephrosia, Wild indigo
Common Name Sarphoka, Sarphunkho, Ghodakan, Kolingi, Dhamasia

 

Ayurvedic Properties and Action:
Rasa Tikta, Kashaya
Guna Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna
Virya Usna
Vipaka Katu
Karma Sothaghana, Dipana, Jvaraghna, Vishaghna,Vranaropaka, Rochna, Pittasaraka, Dantya etc.

Phytochemistry:

B-sitosterols, lupeol, rutin, delphinidin chloride, isoflavone, 7,4′-dihydroxy-3′,5′-dimethoxyisoflavone, and a chalcone, (+)-tephropurpurin, both novel compounds, as well as six constituents of known structure, (+)-purpurin, pongamol, lanceolatin B, (-)-maackiain, (-)-3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-8,9-methylene-dioxypterocarpan, and (-)-medicarpin, 3′-methoxydaidzein, desmoxyphyllin B, and 3,9-dihydroxy-8-methoxycoumestan, caffeic acid, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oelic, linoleic, linolenic acids, calcium, amino acids like lysine, histidine, threonine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, methionine, and cystine, tephrone etc.
Pharmacological Actions:

It is Bitter, astringent, thermogenic, anthelmintic, digestive, laxative, diuretic, uterine tonic, antiinflammatory, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, depurative, styptic, deobstruent, etc.
Medicinal Use:

It is useful in inflammations, blood disorders, diarrhoea, vomiting, dysentery, renal disorders, dyspepsia, stomachache, hepatosplenomegaly, haemorrhoids, viral hepatitis4 and as liver stimulant etc.
It is considered specific for the treatment of inflammation of spleen and liver. It is given for the treatment of insufficiency of the liver and jaundice. Also used as a gargle.
Ayurvedic classical texts describe it as a special drug for treating sterility in women.
It has antibacterial actions and Useful in toothache.
Clinical / experimental study:

Powdered aerial parts prevented elevation of SGOP, SGPT and bilirubin levels.
Hepatoprotective effect of aerial parts was evaluated against (+)-galactosamine-induced and carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
It contains rutin which has blood purifying property.
Flavonoid provides significant protection against the toxic effect of CCl4 on liver. Preventive action of liver damage induced by the CCl4 has widely been used as indicator of the liver protective in general.
T. Purpurea has ability to modulate both the cell-mediated and the humoral components of the immune system.

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