Aconitum heterophyllum

Ativish (Aconitum Heterophyllum) 
Ayurvedic Properties and Action:

Rasa
Katu, Tikta
Guna
Laghu, Ruksha
Virya
Usna
Vipaka
Katu
Karma
Dipana, Pacana, Sangrahika, Kaphapittahara1.

Phytochemistry:
It contains Diterpenoid alkaloids-atisine, atidine, histisine, hetisine, hetidine, heterophyllisine, heterophylline, heterophyllidine, heterastine, isoatisine, dihydroatisine, hetisinone, aconitine, etc.
It also contains aconitinic acid, tannic acid, starch, oleic, palmitic, stearic, mucilage, etc..

Pharmacological Actions:
It is Bitter, thermogenic, expectorant, digestive, alexiteric, stomachic, and excellent tonic, antibacterial, analgesic, antidiarrheal, antidepressant, etc..
The dried root is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, potent immunostimulant, astringent, cholagogue, febrifuge and tonic .

Medicinal Use:
It is useful in haemorrhoids, internal inflammatory conditions, dysentery, stomach disorder, vomiting, malarial fever, intrinsic haemorrhage, and general debility.
It is used in India in the treatment of dyspepsia, diarrhoea and coughs.
It is used to treat the fevers of contagious diseases and inflammation of the intestines.
It is useful in diarrhoea, in protozoal infections (giardiasis and amoebiasis), as analgesic.

Clinical / experimental study:
Aconitum Heterophyllum in powder form administered 6 gm p.o. three times a day for 15 consecutive days to patients with giardiasis and diarrhoea, exhibited symptomatic relief in most of the cases and pathological examination also showed absence of giardia in the stool suggesting its beneficial use.

Powder of Aconitum Heterophyllum orally administered in a dose of 6 gm three times a day for 15 consecutive days in patients with diarrhoeal complaints with giardial and amoebic infections produced excellent improvement of the symptoms by more than 75% cases and also it could eradicate the pathogenicity of the infections. 

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