Treatments in Ayurveda

Types of Treatment in Ayurveda

 There are two aspects of treatment in Ayurveda:

1. Shamana Chikitsa (Curing of diseases – Alleviating Therapy)
2. Shodhana Chikitsa (Prevention of diseases – Purification Therapy) 

Shodhana Chikitsa (Prevention of diseases)

The main aim of Shodhana treatment is to eliminate the internal causative factors of the disease. It is one the most important techniques in Ayurveda and is an internal purification process. Purification can be used to cure diseases and at the same time to promote the healthy state of the body. It is possible to successfully cure a number of difficult diseases like Arthritis, Paralysis etc with the help of Shodhana Chikitsa.

Large quantities of toxic byproducts are formed in the body as a result of continuous metabolic process. Most of these toxins are eliminated naturally by the body’s excretory system, some may get deposited in the various tissues of the body, which causes the vitiation of Dosha, Dhatu etc. and then the normal functioning of the system is harmed. Similarly disease causing toxins accumulate in the body as a result of various factors like wrong body habits, wrong food habits, incompatible recipe of food items, suppression of the body urges, emotional imbalance etc.
Shodhana Chikitsa removes toxins from the body and restores the equilibrium of the Dosha. Shodhana Chikitsa consists of a three-stage purification process as follows:

Purva Karma – preparatory purification prior to the main purification
Pradhana Karma – the main five purification methods (known as Panchakarma treatment)
Paschath Karma – post rejuvenation therapy.
‘Shodhana’ treatment is also called as Panchakarma or five- folds line of treatment.

Panchakarma therapeutic procedures are used to facilitate the elimination of harmful factors through following processes: 

for Kapha dosha
for Pitta dosha
for Vatta dosha
Administrating medicines especially through nose
for Kapha dosha from head
Blood letting
for Rakta and Pitta dosha
Elimination of vitiated Kapha dosha mainly through mouth is known as Vaman karm. It is indicated in Kaphaj disorders such as coughing, Asthma, Chronic Rhinitis, acidity etc.
Elimination of vitiated Pitta through anus is known as Virechan Karma. It is indicated in paittik and kapha disorders such as hyperacidity, primary stage of peptic & duodenal ulcer skin disorders and digestive problem.
It is a per rectal medication in form of enema for the treatment of neurological disorders (Vat disorders). Their are mainly two types of Basti, Niruha Basti (Medicated decoction enema) and Anuvasan Basti (Medicated Oil enema). They are indicated in Vat disorders. Such as paralysis, sciatica, myopathies, multiple sclerosis, polio etc.
The administration of medicated Oil or Swaras etc. through the nostrils is known as Nasyakarm. It is indicating for the elimination of adherent situated above the neck. The disease which is treated by the Nasya are sinusitis, migraine, headache, eye and ear disorders.
It means vitiated blood letting or removal of vitiated blood. Blood letting is very useful in treating skin diseases erysipelas, boils and carbuncles etc. External use of snehan (Oileation) and swedan (fomentation) is also very important. From these methods following diseases can be treated such as spondylitis, paralysis, sciatica, dryness of body, alcoholism, corrhyza, constipation, monoplegia, indigestion, anorexia, obesity, debility, feeling of heaviness, acute pain, scabies, stiffness, fatigue anaemia, acidity, sleeplessness, loss of memory, insomnia, arthritis, myopathies, polio and other neurological problems. So, Panchakarma is a very fruitful and result oriented therapy. It is a science of cleansing and purifying the body both internally and externally. This method naturally removes the disease from its roots causes and this plays an important role to treating the incurable diseases.

Shamana Chikitsa (Curing of diseases)

Shamana is specially done after the Shodhana therapy and in less vitiation. Ayurvedic medicines are used internally and externally to manage the symptoms and cause of the disease through the balancing the equilibrium of Dosha, Dhatu, Mala and Agni and also to increase the Immunity. The restoration of normality is brought about without any elimination. In Ayurveda there are thousands of medicines consisting of herbs, minerals and biological products, which are used alone or in compound form to suppress and cure diseases, particularly when the disease is at an early stage.


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